Dune Plants

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Evening Primrose see Antioch Dunes evening primrose (Oenothera deltoides howellii)

Wallflower see Contra Costa wallflower (Erysimum capitatum angustatum)

Naked-stemmed_buckwheatAntioch Dunes Buckwheat Antioch Dunes buckwheat (Eriogonum nudum psychicola), formerly known as the naked-stemmed buckwheat (E. n. auriculatum), is a native California endemic perennial shrub closely related to the wild buckwheat. The plant is characterized by a dense cluster of white-to-pink flowers, basal leaves, and long, naked stems. The Antioch Dunes buckwheat is found only at the Antioch Dunes National Wildlife Refuge where it is confined to relict sand dunes in coastal grassland communities. Buckwheat stands last up to ten years, and require open, non-weedy sands for successful reproduction. The Antioch Dunes buckwheat blooms between July and October. Pollinators commonly associated with the Antioch Dunes buckwheat include andrenid bees (Perdita spp.)

Antioch Dunes Buckwheat Listing Status: CNPS 1B.1

Delta_tule_peaWEBDelta Tule Pea Delta tule pea (Lathyrus jepsonii var. jepsonii) is a native California endemic perennial flowering plant closely related to the wild pea. The Delta tule pea is found in coastal freshwater and brackish marshes and wetlands associated with the Great Central Valley. The plant is characterized by pink to pink-purple flowers and traditional “pea pods”. The Delta tule pea blooms between May and September.

Delta Tule Pea Listing Status: CNPS 1B.2

California Matchweed California matchweed (Gutierrezia californica) is a common native western North American perennial flowering shrub in the sunflower family. The California matchweed is found in grasslands, woodlands, and shrublands throughout much of central and southern California. The plant is characterized by “stemmy” shrubs topped with small, yellow flowers. The California matchweed blooms between May and October. Pollinators commonly associated with the California matchweed include andrenid bees (Perdita spp.)

Mason’s Lilaeopsis Mason’s lilaeopsis (Lilaeopsis masonii) is a native California endemic perennial flowering plant in the carrot family. The Mason’s lilaeopsis is found in coastal freshwater and brackish marshes and wetlands associated with the Sacramento and San Joaquin valleys, the Central Coast, and the San Francisco Bay Area. The plant is characterized by low-growing, thread-like tufty leaves and small white flowers that radiate from an umbel or head in a manner resembling a spindly sea star. The Mason’s lilaeopsis blooms between April and November.

Mason’s Lilaeopsis Listing Status: CNPS 1B.1

Suisun Marsh Aster Suisun Marsh aster (Aster lentus) is a native California endemic perennial flowering plant in the sunflower family. The Suisun Marsh aster is found in coastal freshwater and brackish marshes and wetlands associated with the Sacramento Valley, Central Coast, and San Francisco Bay Area. The plant is characterized by violet, daisy-like flowers and dandelion-like seed heads. The Delta tule pea blooms between May and November.

Suisun Marsh Aster Listing Status: CNPS 1B.2

Delta Mudwort Delta mudwort (Limosella australis), formerly known as L. subulata, is a common, non-native perennial flowering plant in the figwort family that has become naturalized in California. The Delta mudwort is found in coastal freshwater and brackish marshes and wetlands associated with muddy and sandy intertidal flats of the Central Coast and the Delta waters of the Great Central Valley. The plant is characterized by white to lavender-blue flowers and low-growing, grassy stems. The Delta mudwort blooms in April.

Delta Mudwort Listing Status: CNPS 2.1

Elegant Clarkia Elegant clarkia (Clarkia unguicalata) is a native California endemic perennial flowering plant in the evening-primrose family. The elegant clarkia is found throughout California in chaparral, foothill woodlands, valley grasslands, and coastal habitats. The plant is characterized by delicate and elaborate flowers of green, lavender-pink, salmon, dark red, and purple petals. The elegant Clarkia blooms between June and September. Pollinators commonly associated with Clarkias include the sphinx moth (Proserpinus clarkiae).

California Poppy California poppy (Eschscholzia calfornica) – the official state flower of California – is a native California annual or perennial flowering plant in the poppy family. The California poppy is widespread throughout California in woodlands, chaparral, and valley grasslands habitats. The plant is characterized by orange to yellow flowers. The California poppy blooms between April and July.

California Croton California croton (Croton californicusis a common native western North American perennial flowering plant in the spurge family. The California croton is found in sandy soils, dunes, and washes along the Central Coast, South Coast, and deserts. The plant is characterized by small, nondescript flowers that radiate from an umbel or head. The California croton blooms between April and July.

Common Gumplant Common gumplant (Grindelia camporum) is a native California endemic perennial flowering plant in the sunflower family. The common gumplant is found in sandy soils throughout California. The plant is characterized by budding flower heads that cup a gummy-to-resinous gum before the yellow sun-flower-like flowers unfurl. The common gumplant blooms between April and October.

Deerweed Deerweed (Acmispon glaber) is a common native western North American perennial flowering plant in the wild pea family. The deerweed is found in chaparral and coastal sage scrub as well as upland habitats throughout California. The plant is characterized by shrubby growth consisting of long stems lined with delicate yellow, pea-like flowers. The deerweed blooms between March and August.

Telegraph Weed Telegraph weed (Heterotheca grandiflora) is a native California endemic perennial flowering plant in the sunflower family. The telegraph weed is found in sagebrush, scrub, and oak and foothill woodland habitats throughout California. The plant is characterized by a primary, leafy stalk off which grow small, dandelion-like yellow flowers. The telegraph weed blooms year-round. Pollinators commonly associated with the telegraph weed include andrenid bees (Perdita spp.)

California Matchweed California matchweed (Gutierrezia californica) is a native western North American perennial flowering plant in the sunflower family. The California matchweed is found in grasslands and arid woodlands and shrublands through Central and Southern California. The plant is characterized by shrubby growth consisting of long stems topped with spindly, loosely petaled yellow flowers. The California matchweed blooms between May and October.

Silver_lupinSilver Bush Lupine Silver bush lupine (Lupinus albifrons var. albifrons) is a California flowering shrub in the wild pea family. The silver bush lupine is found in chaparral and foothill woodland habitat throughout California. The plant is characterized by green to silvery leaves and whorled stalks of primarily violet to lavender flowers speckled with yellow to white spots. The silver bush lupine blooms between April and July.

Coast Live Oak coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia) is a common native western North American tree in the oak family. The coast live oak is found in mixed evergreen forest, foothill woodland, and oak woodland habitats throughout California along the Pacific Coast and throughout the Great Central Valley. The tree is an evergreen characterized by gnarled branches, spiny-toothed oval leaves, and reddish-brown, capped acorns. The coast live oak blooms between February and April.

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